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Cereb Cortex. 2019 Jun 20. pii: bhz106. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhz106. [Epub ahead of print]

Translating Fear Circuitry: Amygdala Projections to Subgenual and Perigenual Anterior Cingulate in the Macaque.

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Department of Neuroscience.
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.


Rodent fear-learning models posit that amygdala-infralimbic connections facilitate extinction while amygdala-prelimbic prefrontal connections mediate fear expression. Analogous amygdala-prefrontal circuitry between rodents and primates is not established. Using paired small volumes of neural tracers injected into the perigenual anterior cingulate cortex (pgACC; areas 24b and 32; a potential homologue to rodent prelimbic cortex) and subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC, areas 25 and 14c; a potential homologue to rodent infralimbic cortex) in a single hemisphere, we mapped amygdala projections to the pgACC and sgACC within single subjects. All injections resulted in dense retrograde labeling specifically within the intermediate division of the basal nucleus (Bi) and the magnocellular division of the accessory basal nucleus (ABmc). Areal analysis revealed a bias for connectivity with the sgACC, with the ABmc showing a greater bias than the Bi. Double fluorescence analysis revealed that sgACC and pgACC projections were intermingled within the Bi and ABmc, where a proportion were double labeled. We conclude that amygdala inputs to the ACC largely originate from the Bi and ABmc, preferentially connect to the sgACC, and that a subset collaterally project to both sgACC and pgACC. These findings advance our understanding of fear extinction and fear expression circuitry across species.


accessory basal; anterior cingulate; fear conditioning; infralimbic; prelimbic


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