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J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2019 Jun 19. doi: 10.23736/S0022-4707.19.09751-2. [Epub ahead of print]

Comparison between functional and traditional resistance training on joint mobility, determinants of walking and muscle strength in older women.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Education, Center of Biological and Health Sciences, Federal University of Sergipe, Sergipe, Brazil - neto.resende-edf@hotmail.com.
2
Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Londrina State University, Londrina, Paraná State University, UNESPAR, Paranavaí Campus, Paranavaí, Brazil.
3
Department of Physical Education, Center of Biological and Health Sciences Community, University of the Region of Chapecó (UNOCHAPECÓ), Chapecó, Brazil.
4
Department of Physical Education, Center of Biological and Health Sciences, Federal University of Sergipe, Sergipe, Brazil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Currently, several strength training protocols have been verified aiming improvements on functionality in older population. For this purpose, integrated exercises aimed at improving essential movements may be an interesting strategy in improving performance for daily activities. This randomised trial compared the effects of eight and twelve weeks of functional and traditional training on joint mobility, gait determinants and muscle strength, and verified the maintenance of the effects after eight weeks of detraining in the older women.

METHODS:

52 elderly women were randomized into three groups: Functional Training (FT: n=19), Traditional Training (TT: n=16) and Stretching Group (SG: n=17). The data were analyzed by ANOVA with Bonferroni post hoc test.

RESULTS:

The FT and TT groups obtained significant improvements in the tests of muscle strength and muscle power both after twelve weeks of intervention, as well as with SG. Only the FT presented statistically significant improvements in dynamic agility/balance (32%, p=0.000), and cardiorespiratory condition (8.71%, p=0.020) in relation to SG.

CONCLUSIONS:

The experimental protocols are equally effective in improving joint mobility and strength components in active elderly women. However, FT seems to be more effective than TT in the improvement of the determinants of gait ability.

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