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Indian J Public Health. 2019 Apr-Jun;63(2):114-118. doi: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_279_18.

Prevalence and predictors of self-reported risk behaviors among male injecting drug users.

Author information

1
Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India.
2
Prof. and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India.
3
Statistician Cum Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India.
4
Projector Director, Targeted Interventions, State AIDS Control Society, Chandigarh, India.
5
Deputy Director, Targeted Interventions, State AIDS Control Society, Chandigarh, India.

Abstract

Background:

Unsafe injecting drug use is a documented risk factor for the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Harm reduction strategy aims at reducing this deleterious consequence.

Objectives:

To study the prevalence and predictors of injecting as well as sexual risk behavior among male injecting drug users (IDUs).

Methods:

A cross-sectional study was conducted among 250 male IDUs from January 2017 to March 2018. Risk behavioral data were collected after obtaining informed consent of the study participants. This included information on sharing, reusing needles/injections, and sexual behavior. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression model was run using the Epi Info software version 7.2 for Windows.

Results:

In the past one month, 25.3% had shared needles/syringes by either borrowing or lending or both. Inconsistent condom use during sexual intercourse with a regular, casual, and paid sex partner was practiced by 64.7% (77/119), 65.8% (48/73), and 45.0% (18/40), respectively. The binary logistic regression analysis revealed that unsafe injecting drug behavior was higher among daily users: (OR = 3.0 [1.3-6.6]) and comparatively lower among those who preferred to avail needles/syringes from Needle Syringe Exchange Program (OR = 0.4 [0.2-0.9]); as compared to their counterparts.

Conclusions:

The findings suggest that IDUs in the study area are engaging in risk behaviors. Behavior change communication and harm reduction strategy should be strengthened.

KEYWORDS:

Harm reduction; injecting drug use; risk behavior

PMID:
31219059
DOI:
10.4103/ijph.IJPH_279_18
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