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Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2019 Dec;47(1):2575-2584. doi: 10.1080/21691401.2019.1629950.

Vacuolar protein sorting 4B regulates the proliferation and odontoblastic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells through the Wnt-β-catenin signalling pathway.

Author information

1
a Department of Stomatology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University , Guangzhou , China.
2
b Department of Medical Genetics, School of Basic Medicine Sciences, Southern Medical University , Guangzhou , China.
3
c Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Single-Cell Technology and Application , Guangzhou , China.

Abstract

Our previous studies have revealed that a dominant mutation in vacuolar protein sorting 4B (VPS4B), a member of the AAA ATPase family, causes dentin dysplasia type I. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the roles of VPS4B in human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) and to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms. In this study, we found that VPS4B was highly expressed in the dental pulp cells of the mouse molar tooth germ, and the expression of VPS4B increased significantly during the odontoblastic differentiation of hDPSCs. VPS4B downregulation inhibited the proliferation, migration, and odontoblastic differentiation of hDPSCs. Moreover, treatment with lithium chloride, an agonist of the Wnt-β-catenin signalling pathway, partially reversed the VPS4B knockdown-driven suppression of proliferation and of odontoblastic differentiation of hDPSCs. Collectively, our findings indicate that VPS4B, via Wnt-β-catenin signalling, acts as a regulator of the proliferation and differentiation of hDPSCs. Our results suggest potential therapeutic avenues for dentin formation and regenerative endodontics in patients with dentin dysplasia type I.

KEYWORDS:

Vacuolar protein sorting 4B; Wnt-β-catenin; dental pulp stem cells; dentin dysplasia type I; odontoblastic differentiation

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