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Eur J Biochem. 1987 Dec 30;170(1-2):325-33.

Characterization of two D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases from the extremely thermophilic archaebacterium Thermoproteus tenax.

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1
Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsried, Federal Republic of Germany.

Abstract

Thermoproteus tenax possesses two different glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases, one specific for NADP+ and the other for NAD+. NADP(H) inhibits the NAD+-specific enzyme competetively with respect to NAD+ whereas NAD(H) virtually does not interact with the NADP+-specific enzyme. Both enzymes represent homomeric tetramers with subunit molecular masses of 39 kDa (NADP+-specific enzyme) and 49 kDa (NAD+-specific enzyme), respectively. The NADP+-specific enzyme shows significant homology to the known glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases from eubacteria and eukaryotes as indicated by partial sequencing. The enzymes are thermostable, the NADP+-specific enzyme with a half-life of 35 min at 100 degrees C, the NAD+-specific enzyme with a half-line of greater than or equal to 20 min at 100 degrees C, depending on the protein concentration. Both enzymes show conformational and functional changes at 60-70 degrees C.

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