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Free Radic Biol Med. 2019 Jun 15. pii: S0891-5849(19)30347-8. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2019.06.013. [Epub ahead of print]

Evaluation of air oxidized PAPC: A multi laboratory study by LC-MS/MS.

Author information

1
Institute of Bioanalytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Mineralogy, University of Leipzig, Germany; Center for Biotechnology and Biomedicine, University of Leipzig, Germany.
2
School of Life & Health Sciences, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham, B4 7ET, UK.
3
Mass Spectrometry Centre, Department of Chemistry & QOPNA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal.
4
Mass Spectrometry Centre, Department of Chemistry & QOPNA, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal; Department of Chemistry & CESAM & ECOMARE, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal.
5
Institute of Bioanalytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Mineralogy, University of Leipzig, Germany; Center for Biotechnology and Biomedicine, University of Leipzig, Germany; Thermo Fisher Scientific (Bremen) GmbH, Hanna-Kunath-Str. 11, 28199, Bremen, Germany. Electronic address: angela.criscuolo@thermofisher.com.

Abstract

Oxidized LDL (oxLDL) has been shown to play a crucial role in the onset and development of cardiovascular disorders. The study of oxLDL, as an initiator of inflammatory cascades, led to the discovery of a variety of oxidized phospholipids (oxPLs) responsible for pro-inflammatory actions. Oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (PAPC) is frequently used by the scientific community as a representative oxPL mixture to study the biological effects of oxidized lipids, due to the high abundance of PAPC in human tissues and the biological activities of oxidized arachidonic acids derivatives. Most studies focusing on oxPAPC effects rely on in-house prepared mixtures of oxidized species obtained by exposing PAPC to air oxidation. Here, we described a multi-laboratory evaluation of the compounds in oxPAPC by LC-MS/MS, focusing on the identification and relative quantification of the lipid peroxidation products (LPPs) formed. PAPC was air-oxidized in four laboratories using the same protocol for 0, 48, and 72 h. It was possible to identify 55 different LPPs with unique elemental composition and characterize different structural isomeric species within these. The study showed good intra-sample reproducibility and similar qualitative patterns of oxidation, as the most abundant LPPs were essentially the same between the four laboratories. However, there were substantial differences in the extent of oxidation, i.e. the amount of LPPs relative to unmodified PAPC, at specific time points. This shows the importance of characterizing air-oxidized PAPC preparations before using them for testing biological effects of oxidized lipids, and may explain some variability of effects reported in the literature.

KEYWORDS:

Multi-laboratory study; Oxidized phospholipids; PAPC; Reverse phase chromatography; Tandem mass spectrometry

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