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Clin Transl Gastroenterol. 2019 Jun;10(6):e00053. doi: 10.14309/ctg.0000000000000053.

Gene Expression Changes Accompanying the Duodenal Adenoma-Carcinoma Sequence in Familial Adenomatous Polyposis.

Author information

1
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
2
Sanford R. Weiss MD Center for Hereditary Colorectal Neoplasia, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
3
Departments of Quantitative Health Science, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
4
Anatomic Pathology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
5
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
6
Colorectal Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
7
General Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
8
Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Duodenal cancer in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) arises from adenomas. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the duodenal adenoma-carcinoma pathway have been identified in murine FAP models, but similar data in patients with FAP are limited. Identifying such changes may have significance in understanding duodenal polyposis therapies and identifying cancer biomarkers. We performed a genome-wide transcriptional analysis to describe the duodenal adenoma-carcinoma sequence and determine changes distinguishing patients with FAP with and without duodenal cancer.

METHODS:

Transcriptional profiling was performed with the Affymetrix Human Transcriptome Array 2.0 on duodenal biopsies from 12 FAP patients with duodenal cancer (FAP cases) and 12 FAP patients without cancer (FAP controls). DEGs were compared between cancer-normal, adenoma-normal, and cancer-adenoma in FAP cases and between adenomas from FAP cases and FAP controls. Significant results at P < 0.05 were filtered using fold change > 2.

RESULTS:

Two hundred twenty-four DEGs were identified at an absolute fold change > 2. In adenoma-normal, downregulation of DEGs involved in metabolism of brush border proteins (LCT), lipids (APOB/A4), reactive oxygen species (GSTA2), and retinol (RBP2) was observed. In the cancer-adenoma comparison, upregulation of DEGs involved in cell invasion/migration (POSTN, SPP1) and downregulation of DEGs involved in Paneth differentiation (DEFA5/6) were observed. In the adenoma-adenoma comparison, downregulation of several DEGs (CLCA1, ADH1C, ANXA10) in FAP case adenomas was observed. DEGs with therapeutic potential include SPP1, which is involved in both cyclooxygenase and epidermal growth factor receptor pathways targeted by the sulindac/erlotinib combination for duodenal polyposis.

DISCUSSION:

We describe DEGs in the human duodenal adenoma-carcinoma sequence in FAP, which may have prognostic and therapeutic significance. Validation studies are needed to confirm these findings.

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