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Int J Mycobacteriol. 2019 Apr-Jun;8(2):199-201. doi: 10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_63_19.

The role of flexible bronchoscopy in lung tuberculosis mimicking mediastinal mass in an Infant: A rare case report.

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Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Respirology Division, Harapan Kita Women and Children Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Department of Child Health, Pediatric Respirology Division, Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Universitas Padjajaran, Bandung, Indonesia.


Tuberculosis (TB) is a systemic disease that can affect all parts in the body. The clinical manifestations sometimes mislead to other diagnoses. Mediastinal mass-like of TB in children is a rare manifestation. A 5-month-old boy presented to our hospital with respiratory distress, fever for 2 months, body weight loss, cough, and history of recurrent pneumonia. The lung sound decreased on the right hemithorax. Lung computed tomography revealed multiple irregular cysts with thick walls on the anterosuperior mediastinal area, consolidation on the right lobe, and suspected gangrenous lung disease. The right main bronchus stenosis with cheesy-like vegetation was found on flexible bronchoscopy procedure. Xpert/MTB RIF from bronchoalveolar lavage revealed Mycobacterium tuberculosis and sensitive to rifampicin. Anti-TB drugs were given for 12 months. He has clinical and radiological improvement. We must increase the awareness of TB disease in case of mediastinal mass-like appearance in the high-endemic area. The flexible bronchoscopy plays an important role in diagnostic purpose.


Bronchoalveolar lavage; Xpert/MTB RIF; flexible bronchoscopy; mediastinal mass; tuberculosis

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