Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Mycobacteriol. 2019 Apr-Jun;8(2):175-179. doi: 10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_68_19.

The importance of multiple samples in mycobacterial recovery: A 10-year retrospective study.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Pathology, São João Hospital Centre; Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.
2
Department of Clinical Pathology, São João Hospital Centre, Porto, Portugal.
3
Department of Clinical Pathology, São João Hospital Centre; Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Public Health; Department of Biomedicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Abstract

Background:

Instead of the three samples previously recommended, the World Health Organization considered that two sputum samples are sufficient for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. Our goal is to evaluate the value of multiple samples in the microscopic and cultural examination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBc) and nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM).

Methods:

Through a 10-year retrospective study, including 38,887 sputum samples from 11,676 patients, the relative contribution of each sputum specimen for acid-fast bacilli detection and mycobacteria isolation was determined by calculating the yield of the first sample and the incremental yield of the second, third, and more than three samples.

Results:

With regard to patients with MTBc isolation, we found that 95.2% (435/457) of the cases could be detected in the first and second smear and 97.9% (659/673) in the first and second culture, with a very low increment of the third sample, corresponding to 3.1% (14/457) in smear and 1.3% (9/673) in culture. Among patients with an NTM strain, the percentage of cases detected in the first and second smear and culture was 69% (20/29) and 86.5% (316/365), respectively. In these patients, we found an increment yield of the third sample of 20.7% (6/29) for smear and 10.5% (38/365) for culture. The incremental yield of third and above-third sample for NTM detection was of 31% (9/29) in smear and 13.5% (49 of 365) in culture.

Conclusions:

We found an added value of multiple samples in NTM recovery. However, our findings suggest that only two samples are required for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis.

KEYWORDS:

Multiple samples; mycobacteria; nontuberculous mycobacteria; tuberculosis

PMID:
31210162
DOI:
10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_68_19
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Medknow Publications and Media Pvt Ltd
Loading ...
Support Center