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World J Urol. 2019 Jun 17. doi: 10.1007/s00345-019-02822-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Cost, training and simulation models for robotic-assisted surgery in pediatric urology.

Author information

1
Division of Pediatric Urology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada. fokelly@rcsi.ie.
2
Division of Pediatric Urology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Laparoscopic procedures in pediatric urology have been shown to be safe and effective over the last number of years. Coupled with this is the technological trend to provide minimally invasive options for even the most complex pediatric patients. Whilst robotic platforms continue to try to demonstrate superior patient outcomes in adults with mixed results, the utilization of robotic platforms for pediatric urology is increasing.

METHODS:

A review of the current literature was undertaken to assess the evidence for training models and cost-effectiveness of robotic-assisted pediatric urology.

CONCLUSIONS:

A growing body of evidence in this field has demonstrated that robotic platforms are safe and effective in children and can provide additional reconstructive benefits due to motion scaling, magnification, stereoscopic views, instrument dexterity and tremor reduction. The main drawbacks remain the financial implications associated with this platform through purchase, maintenance, and disposable costs. This review addresses some of the addresses issues pertaining to cost, training and simulation for robotic-assisted surgery in pediatric urology.

KEYWORDS:

Cost; Pediatric urology; Robotics; Simulation; Training

PMID:
31209563
DOI:
10.1007/s00345-019-02822-7

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