Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Sci Total Environ. 2019 Jun 5;687:232-243. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.042. [Epub ahead of print]

Immobilization of mobile and bioavailable phosphorus in sediments using lanthanum hydroxide and magnetite/lanthanum hydroxide composite as amendments.

Author information

1
College of Marine Ecology and Environment, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China. Electronic address: jwlin@shou.edu.cn.
2
College of Marine Ecology and Environment, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China.
3
School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Shandong Jianzhu University, Jinan 250101, China. Electronic address: jwlin@shou.edu.cn.

Abstract

This work prepared lanthanum hydroxide (La-OH) and magnetite/lanthanum hydroxide composite (Mag-La-OH), and then La-OH and Mag-La-OH were used as sediment amendments to immobilize phosphorus (P) in sediments. The immobilization efficiency of mobile P (MobP) and bioavailable P (BIO-P) in sediments by La-OH and Mag-La-OH was investigated. Results showed that the addition of La-OH into sediment resulted in the transformation of loosely adsorbed P (LA-P) and redox sensitive P (RS-P) to sodium hydroxide extractable P (OH-P) and hydrochloride extractable P (HP) in the sediment, while the addition of Mag-La-OH into sediment led to the transformation of LA-P, RS-P and HP to OH-P and residual P (RESP) in the sediment. Both La-OH and Mag-La-OH can effectively immobilize Mob-P (LA-P + RS-P) in sediments, but La-OH had a higher Mob-P immobilization capacity than Mag-La-OH. The amendment of sediments with La-OH and Mag-La-OH both can reduce the amounts of different types of BIO-P including water soluble P (WA-P), algal available P (AL-P) and Fe oxide-paper extractable P (FE-P) in the sediments, and La-OH had a higher BIO-P immobilization capacity than Mag-La-OH. The immobilization of Mob-P in sediments by Mag-La-OH could be described by the equation: W = 0.333 × (∆Mob-P)-14.4, where ∆Mob-P (mg/kg) is the amount of Mob-P bounded in sediments and W (%) is the Mag-La-OH dosage. The immobilization of FE-P in sediments by Mag-La-OH could be described by the equation: W = 0.380 × (∆FE-P) + 1.14, where ∆FE-P is the amount of FE-P bounded in sediments. Considering that Mag-La-OH can be retrieved from the water bodies under the action of external magnetization fields after its application, Mag-La-OH could have high potential to be used as an amendment for the immobilization of Mob-P and BIO-P in sediments.

KEYWORDS:

Bioavailable phosphorus; Immobilization; Lanthanum hydroxide; Lanthanum hydroxide/magnetite composite; Mobile phosphorus; Sediment

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center