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J Postgrad Med. 2019 Jun 14. doi: 10.4103/jpgm.JPGM_479_18. [Epub ahead of print]

Maternal depression and its association with responsive feeding and nutritional status of infants: A cross-sectional study from a rural medical college in central India.

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Department of Community Medicine, MGIMS, Sewagram, Wardha, Maharashtra, India.



Globally, around half of all under-5 deaths are attributable to undernutrition. The magnitude of child undernutrition in India is one of the highest in the world. Responsive feeding that has the potential to optimize nutrition and development depends on a "healthy mother."


The objective of this study was to find out the magnitude and determinants of maternal depression among mothers of infants who attended immunization clinic in a rural medical college in central India and observe its association with infant-feeding practices and nutritional status of infants.

Study Design:

This was an analytical cross-sectional study.

Materials and Methods:

Study was conducted among consecutively chosen 300 mothers and their infants who visited the immunization clinic of hospital during May-September, 2016. Data were collected individually by interviewing each mother, and anthropometry of her infant was done. The mothers with depression were diagnosed according to the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Magnitude of depression has been reported using frequency and percentage, whereas association has been studied using prevalence odds ratio with 95% confidence interval (CI) and logistic regression at 0.05 significance level.


The magnitude of maternal depression was 19% (95% CI 14.4-23.5). Mothers with depression had significantly higher odds for not indulging in responsive feeding. Maternal education had significant association with maternal depression after adjusting for other variables.


Burden of maternal depression is high among mothers of infants who attended immunization clinic in a rural medical college in central India and is significantly associated with nonresponsive feeding practices.


Maternal depression; nurturing care; postnatal depression; postpartum depression; responsive feeding; undernutrition

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