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Pediatr Radiol. 2019 Aug;49(9):1171-1176. doi: 10.1007/s00247-019-04437-x. Epub 2019 Jun 16.

Respiratory motion in children and young adults undergoing liver magnetic resonance imaging with intravenous gadoxetate disodium contrast material.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave., MLC 5031, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, USA. Leah.Gilligan@cchmc.org.
2
Department of Radiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave., MLC 5031, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, USA.
3
Department of Radiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Gadoxetate disodium, utilized in hepatobiliary magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, has been associated with transient respiratory motion during the arterial phase in adults.

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to determine the presence and severity of this phenomenon in children imaged awake versus under general anesthesia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This retrospective cohort study was approved by the institutional review board; informed consent was waived. One hundred thirty exams of children ≤18 years old who underwent dynamic liver MR imaging with gadoxetate disodium between October 2010 and January 2018 were reviewed. Three pediatric radiologists scored respiratory motion artifacts on all imaging phases using a 5-point Likert scale. Differences in mean motion scores were assessed with analysis of variance and Tukey's multiple comparisons test, and multivariable regression was used to identify predictors of arterial phase motion in awake patients.

RESULTS:

One hundred thirty patients (50% [n=65] female; mean age: 9.8±3.7 years, 48.5% [n=63] awake) were included. There were significant differences in mean motion scores between phases in the awake cohort (P<0.0001) but not in the general anesthesia cohort (P=0.051). In the awake cohort, arterial phase motion score (mean: 3.52±0.83) was significantly higher than mean motion score in all other phases (P≤0.0003). There were no significant patient-specific predictors of arterial phase motion score in the awake cohort.

CONCLUSION:

Significantly increased arterial phase respiratory motion artifact in awake children undergoing dynamic liver MR imaging with gadoxetate disodium suggests that transient respiratory motion occurs in children. General anesthesia may suppress this phenomenon.

KEYWORDS:

Children; Dyspnea; Gadoxetate disodium; Magnetic resonance imaging; Motion artifact; Transient severe motion

PMID:
31203405
DOI:
10.1007/s00247-019-04437-x

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