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Neuron. 2019 Aug 7;103(3):445-458.e10. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2019.05.026. Epub 2019 Jun 12.

Prefrontal Cortex Regulates Sensory Filtering through a Basal Ganglia-to-Thalamus Pathway.

Author information

1
McGovern Institute for Brain Research and the Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02140, USA.
2
McGovern Institute for Brain Research and the Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02140, USA; The Stanley Center for Psychiatric Genetics, Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, MA 02140, USA. Electronic address: mhalassa@mit.edu.

Abstract

To make adaptive decisions, organisms must appropriately filter sensory inputs, augmenting relevant signals and suppressing noise. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) partly implements this process by regulating thalamic activity through modality-specific thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) subnetworks. However, because the PFC does not directly project to sensory TRN subnetworks, the circuitry underlying this process had been unknown. Here, using anatomical tracing, functional manipulations, and optical identification of PFC projection neurons, we find that the PFC regulates sensory thalamic activity through a basal ganglia (BG) pathway. Engagement of this PFC-BG-thalamus pathway enables selection between vision and audition by primarily suppressing the distracting modality. This pathway also enhances sensory discrimination and is used for goal-directed background noise suppression. Overall, our results identify a new pathway for attentional filtering and reveal its multiple roles in sensory processing on the basis of internal goals.

KEYWORDS:

attention; attentional control; basal ganglia; chloride photometry; mouse cognition; multi-electrode recording; prefrontal cortex; sensory filtering; thalamus; top-down control

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