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Environ Res. 2019 Sep;176:108514. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2019.05.045. Epub 2019 May 30.

Parietaria major allergens vs pollen in the air we breathe.

Author information

1
Unitat de Botànica and Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain. Electronic address: concepcion.delinares@uab.cat.
2
Department of Botany, Ecology and Plant Physiology, University of Córdoba, Spain.
3
Pharmacy Service, Campus de la Salud Hospital, Granada, Spain.
4
Department of Botany, University of Granada, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Parietaria and Urtica are the genera from the Urticaceae family more frequent in Mediterranean and Atlantic areas. Moreover, both genera share pollination periods, and their pollen (of the main species) is so similar that there is no aerobiological evidence of the proportion of each of them in the airborne pollen identification, except in the case of U. membranacea. However, Parietaria is one of the most important causes of pollinosis and Urtica is not. Our aim is determine if airborne Urticaceae pollen concentrations show the aerodynamics of the two major allergens of Parietaria (Par j 1 and Par j 2) as well as the allergen distribution in the different-sized particles.

METHODS:

The air was sampled during the pollination period of Urticaceae using Hirst Volumetric Sampler and Andersen Cascade Impactor in two cities of Southern Spain (Córdoba and Granada). The samples were analysed by the methodology proposed by the Spanish Aerobiology Network (REA) and the minimum requirements of the European Aeroallergen Society (EAS) for pollen, and by ELISA immunoassay for allergens.

RESULTS:

The patterns of airborne pollen and Par j 1-Par j 2 were present in the air during the studied period, although with irregular oscillations. Urticaceae pollen and Par j 1-Par j 2 allergens located in PM2.5 showed positive and significant correlation during the period with maximum concentrations (March to April).

CONCLUSION:

Parietaria aeroallergens show similar pattern of Urticaceae airborne pollen. Urticaceae pollen calendar is as a good tool for allergy prevention. On the other hand, important concentrations of Par j 1 and Par j 2 were located in the breathable fraction (PM2.5), which could explain the asthmatic symptoms in the allergic population to Parietaria.

KEYWORDS:

Biological air quality; ELISA analysis; Par j 1-Par j 2 allergens; Urticaceae pollen

PMID:
31202045
DOI:
10.1016/j.envres.2019.05.045
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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