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Food Chem Toxicol. 2019 Sep;131:110575. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2019.110575. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

Occurrence of Bisphenol A and its analogues in some foodstuff marketed in Europe.

Author information

1
Pharm-Analysis & Bio-Pharm Laboratory, Department of Pharmacy, School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Naples Federico II, Via D. Montesano, 49, I-80131, Naples, Italy; Consorzio Interuniversitario INBB, Viale Medaglie d'Oro, 305, I-00136, Rome, Italy.
2
Consorzio Interuniversitario INBB, Viale Medaglie d'Oro, 305, I-00136, Rome, Italy; National Laboratory on Endocrine Disruptors, National Institute of Biostructures and Biosystems (INBB), Institute of Genetics and Biophysics of CNR, Via Pietro Castellino, 111, 80131, Naples, Italy.
3
Pharm-Analysis & Bio-Pharm Laboratory, Department of Pharmacy, School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Naples Federico II, Via D. Montesano, 49, I-80131, Naples, Italy; Consorzio Interuniversitario INBB, Viale Medaglie d'Oro, 305, I-00136, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: grumetto@unina.it.

Abstract

Bisphenol A and its analogues belong to the class of endocrine disrupting chemicals, massively employed by industries to produce polycarbonate and epoxy resins, designed to be in direct contact with foodstuffs. Their leaching from the canned packaging into its content results in food contamination. This review aims at offering a country-specific overview of the occurrence of bisphenols in six main categories of foodstuff marketed in the EU, based on monitoring studies performed in the 27 EU countries for which data are available and prevalently published in the last five years. The general overview of the literature data shows that concentration values of BPs detected into foodstuff is lower in Northern Europe than Southern Europe. A probable daily intake was hypothesized for some countries to provide an EU population exposure assessment. The consumption of canned meat and vegetables is responsible of PDI values higher than those of other food categories. These data emphasize that food and beverage monitoring should deserve greater attention especially by European countries for which no studies are available and especially with regards to bisphenols other than BPA whose limits are not set by the European regulations and whose toxicity has not been fully established.

KEYWORDS:

Bisphenol; Europe; Food safety; Intake; Risk assessment

PMID:
31201899
DOI:
10.1016/j.fct.2019.110575
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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