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Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2019 Jun 15. pii: zxz101. doi: 10.1093/ajhp/zxz101. [Epub ahead of print]

Treatment of tricuspid valve endocarditis with daptomycin and linezolid therapy.

Author information

1
College of Pharmacy, Western University, Pomona, CA.
2
Pharmacy, San Leandro Hospital, San Leandro, CA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

A case report of the use of linezolid and daptomycin for the treatment of multidrug-resistant right-sided infective endocarditis is presented.

SUMMARY:

A 36-year-old patient with a history of intravenous drug use was hospitalized for treatment of native tricuspid valve endocarditis resulting in persistent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. During the admission the patient was unsuccessfully treated with vancomycin monotherapy (final E-test minimum inhibitory concentration, 4 μg/mL). The patient's treatment was switched to daptomycin and gentamicin, with no improvement in blood culture results over 4 days. Gentamicin was discontinued, and linezolid was administered in combination with daptomycin; bacteremia was cleared after 13 days of linezolid and daptomycin combination therapy. Due to daptomycin resistance (minimum inhibitory concentration, 4 μg/mL), gentamicin was substituted for daptomycin due to the former agent's synergistic effects with linezolid. After 23 days of therapy the patient was transferred to another facility for a tricuspid valve replacement procedure, which was completed without complications. The patient was transferred in stable condition to a skilled nursing facility to continue antibiotic therapy lasting 6 weeks from the date of surgery. The patient's blood cultures remained negative.

CONCLUSION:

A 36-year-old woman with resistant tricuspid valve endocarditis was successfully treated with linezolid in combination with daptomycin.

KEYWORDS:

daptomycin resistance; linezolid synergy; multidrug-resistant endocarditis; salvage therapy; vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

PMID:
31201773
DOI:
10.1093/ajhp/zxz101

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