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J Agric Food Chem. 2019 Jun 26;67(25):7040-7049. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b02434. Epub 2019 Jun 14.

Antiobesity Effect of Flaxseed Polysaccharide via Inducing Satiety due to Leptin Resistance Removal and Promoting Lipid Metabolism through the AMP-Activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) Signaling Pathway.

Author information

1
Department of Food Science and Engineering , Jinan University , Guangzhou , 510632 Guangdong , China.
2
College of Life Science and Technology , Jinan University , Guangzhou , 510632 Guangdong , China.
3
The Center for Precision Medicine of First Affiliated Hospital, Biomedical Translational Research Institute, School of Pharmacy , Jinan University , Guangzhou , 510632 Guangdong , China.

Abstract

Obesity is a metabolic syndrome worldwide that causes many chronic diseases. Recently, we found an antiobesity effect of flaxseed polysaccharide (FP), but the mechanism remains to be elucidated. In this study, rats were first induced to develop obesity by being fed a high-fat diet. The obese rats were then fed a control diet, AIN-93M (group HFD), or a 10% FP diet (group FPD). The body weight, body fat, adipose tissue and liver sections, serous total triglycerides, levels of fasting blood glucose in serum, serous insulin, inflammatory cytokines in serum, and serous proteins within the leptin-neuropeptide Y (NPY) and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway were determined and analyzed. FP intervention significantly reduced body weight and abdominal fat from 530 ± 16 g and 2.15% ± 0.30% in group HFD to 478 ± 10 g and 1.38% ± 0.48% in group FPD, respectively. This effect was achieved by removing leptin resistance possibly by inhibiting inflammation and recovering satiety through the significant downregulation of NPY and the upregulation of glucagon-like peptide 1. Adiponectin was then significantly upregulated probably via the gut-brain axis and further activated the AMPK signaling pathway to improve lipid metabolism including the improvement of lipolysis and fatty acid oxidation and the suppression of lipogenesis. This is the first report of the proposed antiobesity mechanism of FP, thereby providing a comprehensive understanding of nonstarch polysaccharides and obesity.

KEYWORDS:

AMPK signaling pathway; flaxseed polysaccharide; leptin resistance; obesity

PMID:
31199141
DOI:
10.1021/acs.jafc.9b02434

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