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J Mol Biol. 1987 Aug 5;196(3):487-96.

Integration of satellite bacteriophage P4 in Escherichia coli. DNA sequences of the phage and host regions involved in site-specific recombination.

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Department of Microbiology, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-4340.


We determined the DNA sequences of regions essential for bacteriophage P4 integration. A 20 base-pair core sequence in both phage (P4attP) and host (P4attB) attachment regions contains the recombination site. In P4attP this sequence is flanked by five repeated sequences. A 1.3 x 10(3) base open reading frame codes for P4 integrase. Two possible promoters are upstream from P4int. One would be recognized by Escherichia coli RNA polymerase and may be repressed by integrase protein. The second would be recognized by RNA polymerase modified after infection by a P4 helper phage, P2. The P4attB core sequence is the 3' end of a leucine tRNA gene. Downstream from this tRNA in E. coli K-12 is a region homologous to P4int that may be part of a cryptic prophage.

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