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Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2019 Jun 15;33(6):726-729. doi: 10.7507/1002-1892.201812061.

[Application of standardized venous thromboembolism prevention program in burn patients].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

Author information

1
Department of Aesthetic Plastic and Burn Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu Sichuan, 610041, P.R.China.
2
Department of Aesthetic Plastic and Burn Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu Sichuan, 610041, P.R.China.xxw_0286@163.com.
3
Department of Aesthetic Plastic and Burn Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu Sichuan, 610041, P.R.China.cjjemail@163.com.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Objective:

To develop a standardized venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention program for burn patients and verify its safety and effectiveness by comparing with traditional thrombus prophylaxis.

Methods:

All burn patients admitted and met selection criteria betweem April 2017 and September 2018 were included. Patients between January 2018 and September 2018 were included as the interventional group to implement standardized VTE prevention programs, while patients between April 2017 and December 2017 were included as the control group and traditional active and passive exercises were used to prevent VTE. There was no significant difference in the age, gender, ethnic group, marriage, education, occupation, type and site of the injury, burn area, operation time, and hospital stay between the two groups ( P>0.05), which was comparable. The incidence of VTE, number of cases of tissue or organ hemorrhage, survival rate of skin grafting, and time of wound healing were compared.

Results:

The incidence of VTE was obviously lower in the interventional group (1.56%, 1/64) than in the control group (10.17%, 6/59) ( χ 2=-2.05, P=0.04). No bleeding occurred in any tissue or organ in the two groups. The survival rate of skin grafting and the time of wound healing were 89.06% (57/64) and (11.78±3.08) days respectively in the interventional group and 91.53% (54/59) and (11.66±2.30) days respectively in the control group; and the differences between the two groups were not statistically significant ( χ 2=0.21, P=0.65; t=-0.22, P=0.83).

Conclusion:

The standardized VTE prevention program can effectively prevent the occurrence of VTE, and its safety is relatively high.

KEYWORDS:

Venous thromboembolism; burn; complication; prevention

PMID:
31198001
DOI:
10.7507/1002-1892.201812061
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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