Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Genes Genomics. 2019 Jun 13. doi: 10.1007/s13258-019-00837-3. [Epub ahead of print]

Genome-wide association study of vitamin E using genotyping by sequencing in sesame (Sesamum indicum).

He Q1,2, Xu F1,3, Min MH1, Chu SH4, Kim KW4, Park YJ5,6.

Author information

1
Department of Plant Resources, College of Industrial Science, Kongju National University, Yesan, 32439, Korea.
2
National Key Facility for Crop Resources and Genetic Improvement, Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, China.
3
Center for Plant Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.
4
Center of Crop Breeding On Omics and Artificial Intelligence, Kongju National University, Yesan, 32439, Korea.
5
Department of Plant Resources, College of Industrial Science, Kongju National University, Yesan, 32439, Korea. yjpark@kongju.ac.kr.
6
Center of Crop Breeding On Omics and Artificial Intelligence, Kongju National University, Yesan, 32439, Korea. yjpark@kongju.ac.kr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

At least eight structurally related forms of vitamin E occur in nature, four tocopherols and four tocotrienols, all of which are potent membrane-soluble antioxidants. In this study, we detected two major isoforms in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) seed: γ-tocopherol and β-tocotrienol. The objective of this study is to investigate the genetic basis of these vitamin E isoforms.

METHODS:

We  conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using 5962 genome-wide markers, acquired from 96 core sesame accessions. The GWAS was performed using generalized linear (GLM) and mixed linear (MLM) models.

RESULTS:

LG08_6621957, on chromosome 8, was detected as having a significant association with γ-tocopherol in both models. It explained 20.9% of γ-tocopherol variation in sesame. For β-tocotrienol, no significant loci were detected according to the two models, but one locus, SLG03_13104062, explained 17.8% of the phenotypic variation. Based on structure and phylogenetic studies, the 96 accessions were clearly clustered into two subpopulations.

CONCLUSION:

This study on sesame demonstrates and provides an evidence that genotyping by sequencing (GBS) based GWAS can be used to identifying important loci for small growing crops. The significant SNPs or genes could be useful for improving the vitamin E content in sesame breeding programs.

KEYWORDS:

Genome-wide association study; Genotyping by sequencing; Sesame; Vitamin E

PMID:
31197567
DOI:
10.1007/s13258-019-00837-3

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center