Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Sci Rep. 2019 Jun 13;9(1):7730. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-44097-3.

Spending at least 120 minutes a week in nature is associated with good health and wellbeing.

Author information

1
European Centre for Environment and Human Health, University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, UK. mathew.white@exeter.ac.uk.
2
European Centre for Environment and Human Health, University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, UK.
3
Institute for Housing and urban Research, Uppsala University, Box 514, SE-75120, Uppsala, Sweden.
4
Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Abstract

Spending time in natural environments can benefit health and well-being, but exposure-response relationships are under-researched. We examined associations between recreational nature contact in the last seven days and self-reported health and well-being. Participants (n = 19,806) were drawn from the Monitor of Engagement with the Natural Environment Survey (2014/15-2015/16); weighted to be nationally representative. Weekly contact was categorised using 60 min blocks. Analyses controlled for residential greenspace and other neighbourhood and individual factors. Compared to no nature contact last week, the likelihood of reporting good health or high well-being became significantly greater with contact ≥120 mins (e.g. 120-179 mins: ORs [95%CIs]: Health = 1.59 [1.31-1.92]; Well-being = 1.23 [1.08-1.40]). Positive associations peaked between 200-300 mins per week with no further gain. The pattern was consistent across key groups including older adults and those with long-term health issues. It did not matter how 120 mins of contact a week was achieved (e.g. one long vs. several shorter visits/week). Prospective longitudinal and intervention studies are a critical next step in developing possible weekly nature exposure guidelines comparable to those for physical activity.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center