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BMC Cancer. 2019 Jun 13;19(1):579. doi: 10.1186/s12885-019-5751-9.

Monitoring of circulating tumor DNA and its aberrant methylation in the surveillance of surgical lung Cancer patients: protocol for a prospective observational study.

Author information

1
Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
2
Burning Rock Biotech, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.
3
Burning Rock Biotech, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China. zhihong.zhang@brbiotech.com.
4
Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China. wangjun@pkuph.edu.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Detection of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is a promising method for postoperative surveillance of lung cancer. However, relatively low positive rate in early stage patients restricts its application. Aberrant methylation of ctDNA can be detected in blood samples, and may provide a more sensitive method. This study is designed to systematically evaluate and compare the detection of aberrant methylation and mutations in ctDNA among surgical non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, aiming to investigate the feasibility of ctDNA detection as a means of lung cancer surveillance.

METHODS:

This is a prospective observational study. Consecutive surgical NSCLC patients will be recruited. Blood samples will be collected both before and after surgery (during the follow-up period), while matching tumor tissues and tumor-adjacent normal tissues will be collected during surgery. Quantitative analysis of aberrant methylation and mutations of ctDNA will be conducted in combination with a three-year follow-up data.

DISCUSSION:

This is the first registered prospective study designed to investigate the feasibility of ctDNA methylation detection as a means of postoperative lung cancer surveillance. We will systematically evaluate and compare the quantitative detection of ctDNA mutations and ctDNA methylation in surgical NSCLC patients, combining with the follow-up information. By integrating genetic and epigenetic information of ctDNA, more effective strategies for postoperative surveillance may be defined.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

This study (MEDAL, MEthylation based Dynamic Analysis for Lung cancer) was registered on ClinicalTrials.gov on 08/05/2018 (NCT03634826; Pre-results).

KEYWORDS:

Circulating tumor DNA; DNA methylation; Lung cancer

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