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Curr Alzheimer Res. 2019 Jun 12. doi: 10.2174/1567205016666190612160955. [Epub ahead of print]

Social Network Analysis of Dementia Wards in Psychiatric Hospitals to Explore the Advancement of Personhood in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease.

Author information

1
Centre for Health Care and Medical Education, Bristol. United Kingdom.
2
Centre for Human Sciences Research, University of Derby. United Kingdom.
3
College of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University. United Kingdom.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Little is known on investigating how healthcare teams in dementia wards act for promoting personhood in persons with Alzheimer's disease (PWA).

OBJECTIVE:

The current research aimed to identify the social networks of dementia health carers promoting the personhood of PWA in acute or long-term dementia wards in public and private psychiatric hospitals.

METHOD:

We used a mixed-method research approach. Ethnographic observations and two-mode Social Network Analysis (SNA) captured the role and social networks of healthcare professionals promoting PWA personhood, using SocNetv version 2.4. The social network graphs illustrated how professionals participated in PWA care by computing the degree of centrality (%DC) for each professional; higher values indicated more statistical significance of a professional role compared to others in the provision of personhood care. The categories of personhood were biological, individual, and sociologic. Nurses, doctors, ward managers, hospital managers, clinical psychologists, occupational therapists, care coordinators, physiotherapists, healthcare assistants, and family members were observed if they were promoting PWA personhood.

RESULTS:

The highest %DC in SNA in biological personhood was held by the ward nurses (36%), followed by the ward doctors (20%) and ward managers (20%). All professional roles were involved in 16% of cases in the promotion of individual personhood, while the hospital managers had the highest %DC (33%) followed by the ward managers and nurses (27%) in the sociologic personhood.

CONCLUSION:

All professional roles were deemed to promote PWA personhood in dementia wards, although some limitation exists according to the context of the assessment.

KEYWORDS:

Alzheimer; Dementia ward; Ethnography; Mixed-Method-Research ; Personhood; Social-Network-Analysis

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