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J Affect Disord. 2019 Jun 4;256:278-281. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2019.06.012. [Epub ahead of print]

Prevalence of antenatal suicidal ideation among racially and ethnically diverse WIC enrolled women receiving care in a Midwestern public health clinic.

Author information

1
School of Social Work, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1010 W. Nevada, MC/082 Urbana, IL 61801, United States. Electronic address: ktabb@illinois.edu.
2
School of Social Work, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1010 W. Nevada, MC/082 Urbana, IL 61801, United States.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Suicidal ideation (SI) during pregnancy is a major maternal health concern, however few examinations report findings on the burden of SI among low-income women. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among a sample of low-income women.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional analysis of 736 low-income pregnant women enrolled in a Women Infant and Children supplemental nutrition program and a perinatal depression registry between 2013 and 2015. All participants provided informed consent. SI was captured from Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) screens administered during standard clinic visits.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of suicidal ideation was 4.6%. After adjusting for smoking, women with depression were 13 times as likely to report SI.

LIMITATIONS:

SI was measured using a single item from the EPDS during pregnancy.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study indicates that most, but not all, women with SI reported elevated depressive symptoms.

PMID:
31195245
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2019.06.012

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