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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2019 Jun 26;11(25):22152-22163. doi: 10.1021/acsami.9b05520. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

Cell-Laden Electroconductive Hydrogel Simulating Nerve Matrix To Deliver Electrical Cues and Promote Neurogenesis.

Author information

1
National Engineering Research Center for Biomaterials , Sichuan University , Sichuan , Chengdu 610064 , P. R. China.

Abstract

Natural nerve tissue is composed of nerve bundles with multiple aligned assembles, and matrix electroconductivity is beneficial to the transmission of intercellular electrical signals, or effectively deliver external electrical cues to cells. Herein, aiming at the biomimetic design of the extracellular matrix for neurons, we first synthesized electroconductive polypyrrole (PPy) nanoparticles with modified hydrophilicity to improve their uniformity in collagen hydrogel. Next, cell-laden collagen-PPy hybrid hydrogel microfibers with highly oriented microstructures were fabricated via a microfluidic chip. The hydrogel microfibers formed a biomimetic three-dimensional microenvironment for neurons, resulting from the native cell adhesion domains, oriented fibrous structures, and conductivity. The oriented fibrous microstructures enhanced neuron-like cells aligning with fibers' axon; the matrix conductivity improved cell extension and upregulated neural-related gene expression; moreover, external electrical stimulation further promoted the neuronal functional expression. This mechanism was attributed to the electroconductive matrix and its delivered electrical stimulation to cells synergistically upregulated the expression of an L-type voltage-gated calcium channel, resulting in an increase in the intracellular calcium level, which in turn promoted neurogenesis. This approach has potential in constructing the biomimetic microenvironment for neurogenesis.

KEYWORDS:

cell-laden; collagen; electrical stimulation; electroconductive hydrogel; polypyrrole; tissue engineering

PMID:
31194504
DOI:
10.1021/acsami.9b05520

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