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Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Jun;98(24):e15850. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000015850.

Effects of coenzyme Q10 intervention on diabetic kidney disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Department of Nephrology, Shaanxi Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
Key Laboratory of Chinese Internal Medicine of MOE and Beijing, Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing.
Department of Prosthodontics, Stomatological Hospital Affiliated to Air Force Military Medical University, Xi'an.
Graduate School, Shaanxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Xianyang, China.



The diabetic kidney disease (DKD) has become a seriously kidney disease that commonly caused by diabetes mellitus (DM). Oxidative stress response plays an essential role in the genesis and worsening of DKD and Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) has been reported the promising clinical effectiveness on DKD treatment. However, there is lack of relative evidence-based medical evidence currently.


The systematic review and meta-analysis was based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement, which conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of CoQ10 in combination with other western medicine for DKD therapy through the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and experimental studies.


RCTs and experimental studies were searched based on standardized searching rules in 12 medical databases from the inception up to June 2018 and a total of 8 articles (4 RCTs and 4 experimental studies) were enrolled in the meta-analysis.


The results revealed that CoQ10 combined with other western medicine show statistical differences in the laboratory parameters of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglyceride (TG), and malondialdehyde (MDA) amelioration after DKD therapy compared with control group. However, LDL-C and Urea level for RCTs and Urine output and Glucose for experimental studies on DKD was not superior to control group.


We need to make conclusion cautiously for the effectiveness of CoQ10 application on DKD therapy. More standard, multicenter, double-blind RCTs, and formal experimental studies of CoQ10 treatment for DKD were urgent to be conducted for more clinical evidence providing in the future. The underlying pharmacological mechanism of CoQ10 needs to be researched and revealed for its future application on DKD therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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