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J Bone Jt Infect. 2019 May 21;4(3):126-132. doi: 10.7150/jbji.34866. eCollection 2019.

Clinical Experience with Tigecycline in the Treatment of Prosthetic Joint Infections.

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1
Department of Medicine, West Virginia University.
2
Department of Orthopaedics, West Virginia University.

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the use of tigecycline in the treatment of prosthetic joint infection (PJI). Methods: This is a retrospective review performed from 2008 to 2017, examining adult patients with PJI at a tertiary medical referral center who received tigecycline for 75% or greater of the treatment course. Failure was defined as need to return to the operating room for an infectious complication or persistent drainage from the joint. Results: A total of 37 patients met inclusion criteria. The median age was 65 years, and 65% of patients were female. The most common reasons for tigecycline use were culture negative infection, polymicrobial infection, and renal failure, but other reasons included antimicrobial allergies and resistant organisms. The mean duration of tigecycline therapy was 40 days (range 28-52 days). Treatment success was documented in 16 cases (43%). Conclusions: Tigecycline is a glycylcycline approved for treatment of a variety of infections including skin and soft tissue infections, but little is known about its use in the treatment of PJI. We found that tigecycline is well-tolerated for prolonged durations. Our success rate was 43%, but the majority of patients in this study had complicated infectious surgical histories and had received prior prolonged courses of antimicrobial therapy which likely affected treatment outcome. We concluded that tigecycline should be reserved as an alternative when other antimicrobials for PJI have been exhausted. More studies are needed to assess tigecycline's use in the treatment of PJI.

KEYWORDS:

Arthroplasty infection; Biofilm infection; Prosthetic joint infection; Tigecycline

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