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Clin Interv Aging. 2019 May 8;14:827-839. doi: 10.2147/CIA.S202055. eCollection 2019.

The effectiveness of Tai Chi for short-term cognitive function improvement in the early stages of dementia in the elderly: a systematic literature review.

Author information

1
Centre Intégré Universitaire de Sante at Service Sociaux du Nord de l'île de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada.
2
Department of Geography and Planning, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.
3
Centre de Recherche de l'In Université de Montréalstitut Universitaire de Gériatrie de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada.
4
École de Réadaptation, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Abstract

Purpose: This systematic review examines intervention studies using Tai Chi in the early stages of dementia to determine the effectiveness of Tai Chi for the short-term improvement of cognitive functions for elderly persons with the disease. Methods: A keyword search was done in PubMed/MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), and Cochrane Library databases using keywords such as Tai Chi, Dementia*, and cognition. A secondary search strategy consisting of a manual search in the reference lists of selected articles was also used. Results: A total of nine studies were reviewed including six randomized controlled trials, two non-randomized controlled trials, and one non-randomized prospective study. The studies suggest Tai Chi has impacts on global cognitive functions, visuospatial skills, semantic memory, verbal learning/memory, and self-perception of memory. The effects of Tai Chi on overall cognition for people with mild cognitive impairment are comparable to those in control groups which engaged in exercise. Conclusion: The studies reviewed affirm the potential of Tai Chi to improve short-term cognitive function in the elderly at the onset of dementia.

KEYWORDS:

Tai chi; behavioral intervention; cognition; dementia; older adult; systematic review

PMID:
31190769
PMCID:
PMC6512568
DOI:
10.2147/CIA.S202055
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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