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Stem Cells Transl Med. 2019 Oct;8(10):992-998. doi: 10.1002/sctm.19-0078. Epub 2019 Jun 12.

Proresolving Lipid Mediators and Receptors in Stem Cell Biology: Concise Review.

Romano M1,2,3, Patruno S1,2,3, Pomilio A1,2,3, Recchiuti A1,3.

Author information

1
Department of Medical, Oral, and Biotechnological Sciences, "G. D'Annunzio" University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy.
2
StemTech Group, "G. D'Annunzio" University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy.
3
Center on Aging Sciences and Translational Medicine (CeSI-MeT), "G. D'Annunzio" University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy.

Abstract

Accumulating evidence indicates that stem cells (SCs) possess immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and prohealing properties. The mechanisms underlying these functions are being investigated with the final goal to set a solid background for the clinical use of SCs and/or their derivatives. Specialized proresolving lipid mediators (SPMs) are small lipids formed by the enzymatic metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids. They represent a leading class of molecules that actively and timely regulate the resolution of inflammation and promote tissue/organ repair. SC formation of these mediators as well as expression of their receptors has been recently reported, suggesting that SPMs may be involved in the immunomodulatory, proresolving functions of SCs. In the present review, we summarize the current knowledge on SPMs in SCs, focusing on biosynthetic pathways, receptors, and bioactions, with the intent to provide an integrated view of SPM impact on SC biology. Stem Cells Translational Medicine 2019;8:992-998.

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