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J Headache Pain. 2019 Jun 11;20(1):69. doi: 10.1186/s10194-019-1019-7.

Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias presenting in a multidisciplinary tertiary orofacial pain clinic.

Author information

1
Headache Group, Department of Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
2
Oral Surgery, Institute of Dentistry, Kings College London, London, UK.
3
Headache Group, Department of Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK. peter.goadsby@kcl.ac.uk.
4
NIHR Wellcome Trust King's Clinical Research Facility, SLaM Biomedical Research Centre, Wellcome Foundation Building, King's College Hospital, London, SE5 9PJ, UK. peter.goadsby@kcl.ac.uk.

Abstract

Orofacial pain may have a variety of causes and offers a significant clinical challenge for its diagnosis and management.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the headache disorders presenting in a tertiary multidisciplinary orofacial pain clinic, after dental causes have been excluded.

METHODS:

Clinic letters from the initial consultation and subsequent follow up reviews of the 142 patients, who were seen in the tertiary Multidisciplinary Orofacial Pain clinic between January 2015 until January 2018 were reviewed as a clinical audit.

RESULTS:

The most common diagnoses were possible trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia (n = 62, 44%), migraine (n = 38, 27%) and painful post-traumatic trigeminal neuropathy (n = 17, 12%). The most common trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia diagnosis was hemicrania continua (n = 13, 9%), which is higher than the reported prevalence in neurology and headache clinics.

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrates the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to diagnosing complex orofacial pain patients and the importance of awareness of primary headache disorders, in particular trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias, thereby reducing unnecessary diagnostic delays or procedures.

KEYWORDS:

Hemicrania continua; Orofacial pain; Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias

PMID:
31185885
PMCID:
PMC6734481
DOI:
10.1186/s10194-019-1019-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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