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Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019 Jun 11:194599819852104. doi: 10.1177/0194599819852104. [Epub ahead of print]

Evidence-Based Medicine in Otolaryngology Part 10: Cost-Effectiveness Analyses in Otolaryngology.

Author information

1
1 Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
2
2 The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
3
3 Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
4
4 Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
5
5 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
6
6 Department of Otolaryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
7
7 Department of Epidemiology and Department of Radiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
8
8 Center for Health Decision Sciences, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Abstract

Clinicians seek to pursue the most clinically effective treatment strategies, but costs have also become a key determinant in contemporary health care. Economic analyses have thus emerged as a valuable resource to both quantify and qualify the value of existing and emerging interventions and programs. Cost-effectiveness analyses estimate the benefits gained per monetary unit, providing insights to guide resource allocation. Herein, we delineate the related concepts and considerations to facilitate understanding and appraisal of these analyses, so as to better inform the stakeholders in our otolaryngology community.

KEYWORDS:

cost-effectiveness; cost-utility; decision sciences; economic evaluations

PMID:
31184254
DOI:
10.1177/0194599819852104

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