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Clin Anat. 2019 Oct;32(7):929-933. doi: 10.1002/ca.23423. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Fascial nomenclature: Update on related consensus process.

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Department of Neuroanesthesiology, Neurosurgical Clinic, Ulm University, Guenzburg, Germany.
Department of Sports Medicine and Health Promotion, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jena, Germany.
Fascia Research Group, Experimental Anesthesiology, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.
Integral Anatomy Productions LLC, Melbourne, Florida.
Biomedical Engineering, Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey.


The term fascia is increasingly used not only by anatomists but also by other professionals and authors in different health-oriented fields. This goes along with an inconsistent usage of the term, in which many different tissues are included by different authors causing an increasing amount of confusion. The Fascia Research Society acted to address this issue by establishing a Fascia Nomenclature Committee (FNC) with the purpose of clarifying the terminology relating to fascia. This committee conducted an elaborate Delphi process to foster a structured consensus debate among different experts in the field. This process led to two distinct terminology recommendations from the FNC, defining the terms "a fascia" and "the fascial system." This article reports on the process behind this proposed terminology as well as the implications for inclusion and exclusion of different tissue types to these definitions. Clin. Anat. 32:929-933, 2019. © 2019 The Authors. Clinical Anatomy published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Association of Clinical Anatomists.


Delphi technique; connective tissue; fascia; nomenclature; terminology

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