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Ann Ital Chir. 2019;90:174-181.

A possible protective role of betain and omega-3 supplementation in traumatic brain injury.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Due to irreversible damage following head trauma, many overlapping pathophysiological events occur including excitotoxicity, acidotoxicity, ionic imbalance, edema, oxidative stress inflammation and apoptosis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

In this this study, after the rats were separated in to groups theserats were fed throughout fourteen days with betaine, omega-3 or betaine+omega-3 combination in physiological limits prior to the trauma. After a closed head trauma, the damaged brain tissues were collected for biochemically and histologically analyses. This examination involved analyses of levels of caspase-3 and cytochrome C and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels in brain tissue.

RESULTS:

These analyses showed that traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused an increase in the levels of caspase-3, cytochrome C and neuron-specific enolase (NED) in the brain tissues examined.

DISCUSSION:

In this study, apoptotic and/or necrotic cell death via mitochondrial cytochrome C caspase pathway in traumatized cells and neuron-specific enolase (NED) increase indicative of neuronal damage confirmed the research hypothesis.

CONCLUSION:

Level of the biomarkers induced by brain injury in the groups fed with betaine, omega-3 and betaine+omega-3 combination before the traumatic damage approximated to that of control group values, suggesting that these products may have a neuroprotective role.

KEY WORDS:

Betain, Caspase-3, Cytochrome C and Neuron-specific enolase, Omega-3, Traumatic brain injury.

PMID:
31182701

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