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BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2019 Jun 10;19(1):138. doi: 10.1186/s12872-019-1123-2.

Residual flow may increase the risk of adverse events in patients received combined catheter ablation and transcatheter left atrial appendage closure for nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: a meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Nanjing University Medical School Affiliated Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Zhongshan Road No.321, Nanjing, 210000, China.
2
Department of Cardiology, Nanjing University Medical School Affiliated Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Zhongshan Road No.321, Nanjing, 210000, China. 13390900868@163.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Catheter ablation (CA) and left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) have been combined into a novel one-stop procedure for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, postoperative complications are relatively common in patients undergoing LAAC; the complications, including residual flow, increase in the risk of bleeding, or other adverse events, are unknown in patients receiving one-stop therapy. Therefore, we tried to evaluate the adverse events of CA and LAAC hybrid therapy in patients with nonvalvular AF.

METHODS:

We performed a meta-analysis and computer-based literature search to identify publications listed in the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library databases. Studies were included if patients received CA and LAAC hybrid therapy and reported adverse events.

RESULTS:

Overall 13 studies involving 952 patients were eligible based on the inclusion criteria. In the periprocedural period, the pooled incidence of pericardial effusion was 3.15%. The rates of bleeding events and residual flow were 5.02 and 9.11%, respectively. During follow-up, the rates of all-cause mortality, embolism events, bleeding events, AF recurrence, and residual flow were 2.15, 5.24, 6.95, 32.89, and 15.35%, respectively. The maximum occurrence probability of residual flow events was 21.87%. Bleeding events were more common in patients with a higher procedural residual flow event rate (P = 0.03). A higher AF recurrence rate indicated higher rates of embolism events (P = 0.04) and residual flow (P = 0.03) during follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS:

Bleeding events were more common in patients with a higher procedural residual flow event rate. However, combined CA and LAAC therapy is reasonably safe and efficacious in patients with nonvalvular AF. Further studies on the safety and efficacy of CA or LAAC alone are necessary in future.

KEYWORDS:

Atrial fibrillation; Catheter ablation; Left atrial appendage closure; Meta-analysis; One-stop therapy; Residual flow

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