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J Clin Med. 2019 Jun 9;8(6). pii: E824. doi: 10.3390/jcm8060824.

Efficacy and Safety of Ceftaroline for the Treatment of Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Author information

1
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Medical Technology, Putian University, Putian 351100, Fujian, China. shawnlan0713@gmail.com.
2
Department of Pharmacy, Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying 73657, Taiwan. httremoon@ms.szmc.edu.tw.
3
Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying 73657, Taiwan. dtmed141@gmail.com.
4
School of Management, Putian University, Putian 351100, Fujian, China. jane90467@gmail.com.
5
Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying 73657, Taiwan. ccm870958@yahoo.com.tw.

Abstract

This study aimed to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of ceftaroline with those of ceftriaxone for treating community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and clinicalTrials.gov databases were searched until April 2019. This meta-analysis only included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated ceftaroline and ceftriaxone for the treatment of CAP. The primary outcome was the clinical cure rate, and the secondary outcome was the risk of adverse events (AEs). Five RCTs were included. Overall, at the test of cure (TOC), the clinical cure rate of ceftaroline was superior to the rates of ceftriaxone for the treatment of CAP (modified intent-to-treat population (MITT) population, odds ratio (OR) 1.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.31-1.99, I2 = 0%; clinically evaluable (CE) population, OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.07-1.78, I2 = 14%). Similarly, the clinical cure rate of ceftaroline was superior to that of ceftriaxone at the end of therapy (EOT) (MITT population, OR 1.57, 95% CI 1.16-2.11, I2 = 0%; CE population, OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.15-2.33, I2 = 0%). For adult patients, the clinical cure rate of ceftaroline remained superior to that of ceftriaxone at TOC (MITT population, OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.34-2.06, I2 = 0%; CE population, OR 1.39, 95% CI 1.08-1.80, I2 = 30%) and at EOT (MITT population, OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.20-2.24, I2 = 0%; CE population, OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.15-2.36, I2 = 0%). Ceftaroline and ceftriaxone did not differ significantly in the risk of serious AEs, treatment-emergent AEs, and discontinuation of the study drug owing to an AE. In conclusion, the clinical efficacy of ceftaroline is similar to that of ceftriaxone for the treatment of CAP. Furthermore, this antibiotic is as tolerable as ceftriaxone.

KEYWORDS:

ceftaroline; ceftriaxone; community-acquired pneumonia; safety

PMID:
31181859
DOI:
10.3390/jcm8060824
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