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Stem Cell Res. 2019 Jul;38:101477. doi: 10.1016/j.scr.2019.101477. Epub 2019 Jun 4.

Analysis of lacrimal gland derived mesenchymal stem cell secretome and its impact on epithelial cell survival.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Experimental Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology, Pius Hospital, University of Oldenburg, 26121 Oldenburg, Germany. Electronic address: jana.dietrich@uni-oldenburg.de.
2
Laboratory of Experimental Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Duesseldorf, 40225 Duesseldorf, Germany.
3
Core Unit Proteomics, Interdisciplinary Center for Clinical Research, University of Muenster, 48149 Muenster, Germany.
4
Laboratory of Experimental Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology, Pius Hospital, University of Oldenburg, 26121 Oldenburg, Germany.

Abstract

In situ regeneration of lacrimal gland (LG) tissue would be a promising approach to curatively treat dry eye disease (DED). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) exhibit therapeutic effects in a variety of pathological conditions and our group recently reported that their number increases in regenerating mouse LG. Since the therapeutic effects are suggested to arise from secreted trophic factors, the application of MSC-secreted proteins seems to be a promising approach to induce/enhance LG regeneration. Therefore, this study aims to optimize the isolation of murine LG-MSC and analyze their secretome to investigate its potential for LG epithelial cell survival in vitro. For optimization, LG-MSC were isolated by an explant technique or cell sorting and their secretome was investigated under normal and inflammatory conditions. Results showed that the secretome of MSC had beneficial effects on the viability of ethanol-damaged LG epithelial cells. Additional, Lipocalin-2, prosaposin, ras GTPase-activating protein-binding protein 1 (Rac1) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1), proteins that were up-regulated under inflammatory conditions, further improved the cell survival of ethanol-damaged LG epithelial cells. Interestingly, recovery of cell viability was highest, when the cells were incubated with STAT1. Summarizing, this study identified promising proteins for further studies on LG regeneration.

KEYWORDS:

Cell sorting of MSC; Lacrimal gland; Mesenchymal stem cells; Regeneration; Secretome analysis

PMID:
31181482
DOI:
10.1016/j.scr.2019.101477
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