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IEEE J Biomed Health Inform. 2019 Jun 10. doi: 10.1109/JBHI.2019.2921881. [Epub ahead of print]

Data-driven Identification of Stochastic Model Parameters and State Variables: Application to the Study of Cardiac Beat-to-beat Variability.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Enhanced spatiotemporal ventricular repolarization variability has been associated with ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death, but the involved mechanisms remain elusive. In this work a methodology for estimation of parameters and state variables of stochastic human ventricular cell models from input voltage data is proposed for investigation of repolarization variability.

METHODS:

The proposed methodology formulates state-space representations based on developed stochastic cell models and uses the Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) to perform joint parameter and state estimation. Evaluation over synthetic and experimental data is presented.

RESULTS:

Results on synthetically generated data show the ability of the methodology to: 1) filter out measurement noise from action potential (AP) traces; 2) identify model parameters and state variables from each of those individual AP traces, thus allowing robust characterization of cell-to-cell variability; and 3) replicate statistical population's distributions of input AP-based markers, including dynamic markers quantifying beat-to-beat variability. Application onto experimental data demonstrates the ability of the methodology to match input AP traces while concomitantly inferring the characteristics of underlying stochastic cell models.

CONCLUSION:

A novel methodology is presented for estimation of parameters and hidden variables of stochastic cardiac computational models, with the advantage of providing a one-to-one match between each individual AP trace and a corresponding set of model characteristics.

SIGNIFICANCE:

The proposed methodology can greatly help in the characterization of temporal (beat-to-beat) and spatial (cell-to-cell) variability in human ventricular repolarization and in ascertaining the corresponding underlying mechanisms, particularly in scenarios with limited available experimental data.

PMID:
31180875
DOI:
10.1109/JBHI.2019.2921881

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