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Diabetes Technol Ther. 2019 Jun 10. doi: 10.1089/dia.2019.0065. [Epub ahead of print]

Hemoglobin A1c Trajectory in Pediatric Patients with Newly Diagnosed Type 1 Diabetes.

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1 Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Stanford University, Stanford, California.
2 Quantitative Sciences Unit, Division of Biomedical Informatics Research, Stanford University, Stanford, California.
3 Department of Management Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California.
4 Stanford Diabetes Research Center, Stanford, California.


Despite advances in diabetes technology and treatment, a majority of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) fail to meet hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) targets. Among high-income nations, the United States has one of the highest mean HbA1c values. We tracked the HbA1c values of 261 patients diagnosed with T1D in our practice over a 2.5-year period to identify inflection points in the HbA1c trajectory. The HbA1c declined until 5 months postdiagnosis. There was a rise in the HbA1c between the fifth and sixth month postdiagnosis. The HbA1c continued to steadily rise and by 18 months postdiagnosis, the mean HbA1c was 8.2%, which is also our clinic mean. Understanding the HbA1c trajectory early in the course of diabetes has helped to identify opportunities for intensification of diabetes management to flatten the trajectory of HbA1c and improve clinical outcomes.


Hemoglobin A1c; New diagnosis; Pediatrics; Type 1 diabetes


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