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Lancet. 2019 Jun 8;393(10188):2344-2358. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30546-X. Epub 2019 Jun 6.

Novel paradigms in systemic lupus erythematosus.

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Department of Medicine and Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany; German Rheumatism Research Center (DRFZ), Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:
Division of Rheumatology Northwell Health and Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Great Neck, NY, USA.


The heterogeneity of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), long recognised by clinicians, is now challenging the entire lupus community, from geneticists to clinical investigators. Although the outlook for patients with SLE has greatly improved, many unmet needs remain, chief of which is the development of safer and more efficacious therapies. To develop innovative therapies, a far better understanding of SLE pathogenesis as it relates to the array of clinical phenotypes is needed. Additionally, to efficiently achieve these goals, the lupus community needs to refine existing clinical research tools and better adapt them to overcome the obstacles created by the heterogeneity of manifestations. Here, we review progress towards the ultimate goal of safely reducing disease activity and preventing damage accrual and death. We discuss the new classification criteria from the European League Against Rheumatism and American College of Rheumatology, novel definitions of remission and low lupus disease activity, and new proposals for the histological classification of lupus nephritis. Recommendations for the treatment of SLE and novel approaches to drug development hold much promise to further enhance SLE outcomes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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