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Physiother Theory Pract. 2019 Jun 10:1-8. doi: 10.1080/09593985.2019.1625089. [Epub ahead of print]

Effect of whole body vibration training on bone mineral density and functional capacity in children with thalassemia.

Author information

1
a Department of Physical Therapy for Pediatrics, Faculty of Physical Therapy , Cairo University , Giza , Egypt.
2
b Department of Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Therapy , Cairo University , Giza , Egypt.

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the effectiveness of whole body vibration (WBV) on bone mineral density (BMD) and functional capacity in children with β-thalassemia major. Methods: Thirty-nine children (23 boys and 16 girls) with β-thalassemia major, with ages ranging from 6 to 10 years, participated in a randomized controlled trial. They were selected and randomly divided, using computer-generated random numbers into two groups. The control group (n = 20) received the medical treatment and the physical therapy program whereas the study group (n = 19) received the same program as the control group in addition to WBV training (25-30 Hz, 2 mm amplitude, 10 repetitions (30-60 s) with 1 min rest, 15-20 min/day, 3 days/week/24 weeks). Bone mineral density and functional capacity were assessed before and after 24 weeks. Results: Both groups showed a significant increase in BMD and functional capacity after treatment compared with that before treatment (P ˂ 0.05). However, children in the study group demonstrated a significant increase in the functional capacity and the BMD of the lumbar spine, femoral neck and total body compared with that of the control group (P > .01). Conclusions: Whole body vibration may be an effective modality in improving BMD and functional capacity in children with β-thalassemia major.

KEYWORDS:

Bone mineral density; functional capacity; thalassemia; whole body vibration

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