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Mol Reprod Dev. 2019 Jun 9. doi: 10.1002/mrd.23179. [Epub ahead of print]

LncRNA Gm2044 promotes 17β-estradiol synthesis in mpGCs by acting as miR-138-5p sponge.

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Division of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui, People's Republic of China.


Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated to play vital roles in mammalian reproduction. Our previous research revealed that lncRNA Gm2044 is highly expressed in mouse spermatocytes and regulates male germ cell function. The gene annotation database BioGPS shows that Gm2044 is not only highly expressed in testicular tissue but also in ovarian tissue, which suggests that Gm2044 may be involved in female reproductive development. In this study, we confirmed that lncRNA Gm2044 promotes 17β-estradiol synthesis in mouse pre-antral follicular granulosa cells (mpGCs). Furthermore, bioinformatics methods, western blot, and the luciferase assay proved that Gm2044 functions as a miR-138-5p sponge to inhibit the direct target of miR-138-5p, Nr5a1, which enhances 17β-estradiol synthesis through cyp19a1 activation. Taken together, our results provide an insight into the mechanistic roles of lncRNA Gm2044 for 17β-estradiol synthesis by acting as competing-endogenous RNAs to modulate the function of mpGCs. Studying the potential lncRNAs, which regulate estradiol release, will be beneficial for the diagnosis and treatment of steroid hormone-related disease.


Gm2044; granulosa cells; lncRNA; miR-138-5p; mouse pre-antral follicle


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