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Clin Cancer Res. 2019 Jun 7. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-18-4113. [Epub ahead of print]

A Novel Oxoglutarate Dehydrogenase-Like Mediated miR-214/TWIST1 Negative Feedback Loop Inhibits Pancreatic Cancer Growth and Metastasis.

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery, Key Laboratory of Hepatosplenic Surgery, Ministry of Education, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.
2
Department of Medicine, Department of Surgery, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
3
Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, The Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.
4
Key Laboratory of Hepatosplenic Surgery, Ministry of Education, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.
5
Department of Anesthesia, The Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.
6
Department of Medicine, Department of Surgery, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. liulianxin@ems.hrbmu.edu.cn Min-Li@ouhsc.edu.
7
Department of General Surgery, Key Laboratory of Hepatosplenic Surgery, Ministry of Education, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China. liulianxin@ems.hrbmu.edu.cn Min-Li@ouhsc.edu.
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Contributed equally

Abstract

Purpose: As a main rate-limiting subunit of the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex, oxoglutarate dehydrogenase like (OGDHL) is involved in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and frequently downregulated in human carcinoma and suppresses tumor growth. However, little is known about the role of OGDHL in human cancer, especially pancreatic cancer. Our goal is to study the underlying mechanism and define a novel signaling pathway controlled by OGDHL modulating pancreatic cancer progression.Experimental Design: The expression and functional analysis of OGDHL, miR-214, and TWIST1 in human pancreatic cancer tissues, cell lines, and xenograft tumor model were investigated. The correlations between OGDHL and those markers were analyzed.Results: OGDHL was downregulated in human pancreatic cancer and predicted poor prognosis. OGDHL overexpression inhibited migration and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells and suppressed pancreatic cancer tumor growth. OGDHL was shown to be negatively regulated by miR-214. TWIST1 upregulation induced miR-214 expression in pancreatic cancer. OGDHL suppressed TWIST1 expression through promoting ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation of HIF1α and regulating AKT pathways. A combination of OGDHL downregulation and TWIST1 and miR-214 overexpression predicted worse prognosis in patients with pancreatic cancer.Conclusions: We demonstrated the prognostic value of OGDHL, miR-214, and TWIST1 in pancreatic cancer, and elucidated a novel pathway in OGDHL-regulated inhibition of pancreatic cancer tumorigenesis and metastasis. These findings may lead to new targeted therapy for pancreatic cancer through regulating OGDHL, miR-214, and TWIST1.

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