Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Medicina (Kaunas). 2019 Jun 6;55(6). pii: E250. doi: 10.3390/medicina55060250.

Effect of a Combined Stretching and Strength Training Program on Gait Function in Children with Cerebral Palsy, GMFCS Level I & II: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Neuroscience for Children, Division of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine,Oslo University Hospital, 0424 Oslo, Norway. mfosdahl@ous-hf.no.
2
Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Medical Faculty, University of Oslo, 0318 Oslo, Norway. mfosdahl@ous-hf.no.
3
Department of Clinical Neuroscience for Children, Division of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine,Oslo University Hospital, 0424 Oslo, Norway. reijah@ous-hf.no.
4
Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Medical Faculty, University of Oslo, 0318 Oslo, Norway. reijah@ous-hf.no.
5
Department of Clinical Neuroscience for Children, Division of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine,Oslo University Hospital, 0424 Oslo, Norway. kristin.kvalheim@helse-mr.no.
6
Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Medical Faculty, University of Oslo, 0318 Oslo, Norway. inger.holm@medisin.uio.no.
7
Section of Research, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, 0424 Oslo, Norway. inger.holm@medisin.uio.no.

Abstract

Background and objectives: Ambulant children with cerebral palsy (CP) often develop impaired gait, and reduced active knee extension is often a part of the problem. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a combined intervention program including stretching and progressive resistance exercise (PRE) targeting active knee extension on gait function, in children with spastic CP. Materials and methods: Thirty-seven children (21 boys, 16 girls, mean age 10.2 (±2.3) years), classified by Gross Motor Function Classification System I-III, were randomized to an intervention (n = 17) and a comparison group (n = 20). The intervention group received a 16-week combined exercise program (3 sessions per week) including stretching of hamstrings and PRE targeting the lower extremities, followed by a 16-week maintenance program (1 session per week). The comparison group received care as usual. Gait function was evaluated by three-dimensional gait analysis (3DGA); knee, hip and pelvic kinematics in the sagittal plane, step length and speed, Gait Deviation Index (GDI), and Six-Minute Walk test (6MWT) at 0, 16, and 32 weeks. Results: There were no statistically significant differences between the intervention group and the comparison group for any of the gait parameters measured at 16 and 32 weeks. There was a significant increase in gait distance measured by 6MWT within both groups; however, no differences between the groups were found. Conclusion: A 16-week combined stretching and PRE program followed by a 16-week maintenance program did not improve gait function in ambulant children with CP.

KEYWORDS:

cerebral palsy; gait function; hamstrings stretching; progressive resistance training

PMID:
31174397
DOI:
10.3390/medicina55060250
Free full text

Conflict of interest statement

The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) Icon for Norwegian BIBSYS system
Loading ...
Support Center