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Neurosci Lett. 2019 Jun 4;707:134250. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2019.05.004. [Epub ahead of print]

DKK1 expression is suppressed by miR-9 during induced dopaminergic differentiation of human trabecular meshwork mesenchymal stem cells.

Author information

1
Developmental Biology Laboratory, School of Biology, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2
Department of Microbiology, School of Biology, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: arefian@ut.ac.ir.
3
Department of Medical Biotechnology and Nanotechnology, School of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
4
Department of Microbiology, School of Biology, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
5
Developmental Biology Laboratory, School of Biology, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: zeynalib@ut.ac.ir.

Abstract

Wnt/β-catenin pathway has been recently identified as one of the key players in dopaminergic (DA) neuron differentiation. DKK1, the potent inhibitor of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, is expressed in a precisely controlled manner in ventral midbrain during brain development, however the molecular mechanism underlying this regulation is still unknown. Here we show that human trabecular meshwork mesenchymal stem cells (TM-MSCs) can be used as an efficient tool for in vitro differentiation of DA neurons. After differentiating TM-MSCs to DA neuron-like cells, β-catenin protein accumulation was increased in the nucleus, indicating the increased activity of Wnt/β-catenin pathway in the time-window of DA differentiation. Interestingly, DKK1 transcript level was reduced dramatically after DA induction in TM-MSCs which was accompanied by an increase in the in silico-predicted MIR9 and MIR101 levels. Measuring DKK1 expression level after overexpressing either MIR9 or MIR101 and performing luciferase assay alongside, revealed that both miR-9 and miR-101 suppress DKK1 expression and that miR-9 exerts a direct inhibitory effect on 3'UTR regulatory region. Therefore miR-9 and miR-101 might explain, at least in part, the underlying regulatory mechanism of DKK1 reduction and resulting Wnt/β-catenin pathway activation during DA neuron differentiation process.

KEYWORDS:

Mesenchymal stromal cells; MicroRNAs; Neurons; Trabecular meshwork; Wnt signaling pathway

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