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Diabetes Care. 2019 Jun 6. pii: dc182457. doi: 10.2337/dc18-2457. [Epub ahead of print]

Risk Factors for Atrial Fibrillation in People With Type 1 Diabetes: An Observational Cohort Study of 36,258 Patients From the Swedish National Diabetes Registry.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden sara.el.nilsson@vgregion.se.
2
Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
3
Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, and Statistiska Konsultgruppen, Gothenburg, Sweden.
4
Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, and Department of Medicine, NU-Hospital Group, Uddevalla, Sweden.
5
Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, and Center of Registers in Region Västra Götaland, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study identified variables associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation in people with type 1 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

We performed a cohort study of people with type 1 diabetes from the Swedish National Diabetes Registry followed-up between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2013. Median follow-up was 9.7 years (interquartile range 5.2-13.0). The association between potential risk factors and incident atrial fibrillation was investigated using adjusted Cox regression. To compare the impact of each risk factor, the gradient of risk per 1 SD was estimated.

RESULTS:

In this cohort of 36,258 patients with type 1 diabetes, 749 developed atrial fibrillation during follow-up. Older age, male sex, renal complications, increased BMI and HbA1c, coronary artery disease, heart failure, and heart valve disease increased the risk of atrial fibrillation. Age, signs of renal dysfunction with macroalbuminuria and decreasing estimated glomerular filtration rate were associated with the highest gradient of risk for atrial fibrillation. High blood pressure, severe obesity (BMI >35 kg/m2) and elevated levels of HbA1c (>9.6%) were associated with increased risk, but no associations were found with hyperlipidemia or smoking.

CONCLUSIONS:

The most prominent risk factors for atrial fibrillation in people with type 1 diabetes were older age, cardiovascular comorbidities, and renal complications, while obesity, hypertension, and hyperglycemia had more modest affects.

PMID:
31171564
DOI:
10.2337/dc18-2457

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