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Sci Rep. 2019 Jun 5;9(1):8317. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-44904-x.

A PDM-based bi-directional fibre-FSO integration with two RSOAs scheme.

Author information

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Ming Chi University of Technology, New Taipei City, 243, Taiwan.
2
Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, 106, Taiwan. hhlu@ntut.edu.tw.
3
Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, 106, Taiwan.

Abstract

A polarization-division-multiplexing (PDM)-based bi-directional fibre-free-space optical (FSO) integration with two reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers (RSOAs) scheme to efficiently wipe off the modulated data for upstream modulation is proposed and successfully demonstrated. For downstream modulation, a high-speed 128 Gb/s vestigial sideband (VSB)-four-level pulse amplitude modulation (PAM4) fibre-FSO integration is feasibly established. The transmission capacity is increased up to four times through PDM operation and VSB-PAM4 modulation. For uplink transmission, a 10 Gb/s non-return-to-zero fibre-FSO integration with two RSOAs scheme to effectually erase the downstream modulated data is practically constructed. The upstream performance exhibits noticeable enhancement by using of two RSOAs scheme to wipe off the modulated data clearly. Such illustrated PDM-based bi-directional 128 Gb/s (downstream)/10 Gb/s (upstream) fibre-FSO integration is shown to be prominent not only due to its enhancement in the convergence of fibre backhaul and optical wireless reach extender but also because of its benefit in bi-directional transmission for affording high transmission capacity with long-reach optical wireless link and improved upstream performance.

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