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J Adhes Dent. 2019;21(3):209-217. doi: 10.3290/j.jad.a42546.

New Approaches in Bonding to Glass-Ceramic: Self-Etch Glass-Ceramic Primer and Universal Adhesives.



To investigate the tensile bond strength of silane-containing universal adhesives and self-etch glass-ceramic primer to lithium disilicate glass ceramics (LS2).


960 rectangular LS2 bars (7 mm x 3 mm x 9 mm, IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) were manufactured and divided into 4 groups (n = 240). Group 1 was etched with ~5% hydrofluoric acid (HF) for 20 s (VITA Ceramics Etch, Vita Zahnfabrik), group 2 was etched with ~5% HF for 20 s and silanized (ESPE Sil, 3M Oral Care), group 3 was pre-treated with a self-etching glass-ceramic primer (Monobond Etch & Prime, Ivoclar Vivadent, and group 4 received no pre-treatment. Three universal adhesives (iBOND Universal, Heraeus Kulzer; Scotchbond Universal Adhesive, 3M Oral Care; Futurabond U, Voco) were applied to the differently pre-treated surfaces, with Heliobond (Ivoclar Vivadent) serving as control. The bars from each group were paired and luted perpendicularly, forming a square bonded area of 9 mm2, using Variolink II (Ivoclar Vivadent) with a constant pressure of 10 N, followed by light curing (40 s at 800 mW/cm2, Elipar Trilight, 3M Oral Care). The resulting specimens were stored for 24 h at 37°C in distilled water. Half of the specimens of each group were submitted to tensile bond strength testing, the other half were thermocycled ([TC] 5000 cycles, 5°C/55°C, 30-s dwell time) before testing. Data were analyzed using three-way ANOVA (α = 0.05).


Group 2 (HF etched and silanized) and group 3 (self-etching glass-ceramic primer) reached significantly higher mean bond strengths than did groups 1 (only HF etched) and 4 (no pre-treatment).


Additional silanization of HF-etched LS2 statistically signficantly improved the tensile bond strength of the silane-containing universal adhesive (Scotchbond Universal). The self-etching glass-ceramic primer Monobond Etch & Prime achieved mean bond strengths that did not differ significantly from HF-etched and silanized specimens.


lithium disilicate ceramic; self-etch glass ceramic primer; silanization; tensile bond strength; universal adhesive


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