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J Hum Genet. 2019 Aug;64(8):815-820. doi: 10.1038/s10038-019-0618-0. Epub 2019 Jun 5.

Molecular genealogy of Tusi Lu's family reveals their paternal relationship with Jochi, Genghis Khan's eldest son.

Author information

1
MOE Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology and B&R International Joint Laboratory for Eurasian Anthropology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, 200438, Shanghai, China.
2
Institute of Archaeological Science, Fudan University, 200433, Shanghai, China.
3
Key Laboratory of Evidence Science of Gansu Province, Gansu Institute of Political Science and Law, 730070, Lanzhou, China.
4
Department of Anthropology and Ethnology Institute of Anthropology, Xiamen University, 361005, Xiamen, China.
5
Institute of the Investigation School of Criminal Justice, China University of Political Science and Law, 100088, Beijing, China.
6
National Center for Biotechnology, Astana, 010000, Kazakhstan.
7
Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, Centre de Recherches de Linguistique d'Asie Orientale, Institut Universitaire de France, 65 rue des Grands Moulins, 75013, Paris, France.
8
MOE Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology and B&R International Joint Laboratory for Eurasian Anthropology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, 200438, Shanghai, China. lihui.fudan@gmail.com.

Abstract

Genghis Khan's lineage has attracted both academic and general interest because of its mystery and large influence. However, the truth behind the mystery is complicated and continues to confound the scientific study. In this study, we surveyed the molecular genealogy of Northwestern China's Lu clan who claim to be the descendants of the sixth son of Genghis Khan, Toghan. We also investigated living members of the Huo and Tuo clans, who, according to oral tradition, were close male relatives of Lu clan. Using network analysis, we found that the Y-chromosomal haplotypes of Lu clan mainly belong to haplogroup C2b1a1b1-F1756, widely prevalent in Altaic-speaking populations, and are closely related to the Tore clan from Kazakhstan, who claim to be the descendants of the first son of Genghis Khan, Jochi. The most recent common ancestor of the special haplotype cluster that includes the Lu clan and Tore clan lived about 1000 years ago (YA), while the Huo and Tuo clans do not share any Y lineages with the Lu clan. In addition to the reported lineages, such as C3*-Star Cluster, R1b-M343, and Q, our results indicate that haplogroup C2b1a1b1-F1756 might be another candidate of the true Y lineage of Genghis Khan.

PMID:
31164702
DOI:
10.1038/s10038-019-0618-0

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