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Telemed J E Health. 2019 Jun 4. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2019.0048. [Epub ahead of print]

mHealth for Burn Injury Consultations in a Low-Resource Setting: An Acceptability Study Among Health Care Providers.

Author information

1
1 Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Widerströmska Huset, Stockholm, Sweden.
2
2 Department of Emeregency Medicine, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.
3
3 Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Epihubben, MCT-Huset, Uppsala, Sweden.
4
4 Division of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Bellville, South Africa.
5
5 Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Abstract

Introduction: The rapid adoption of smartphones, especially in low- and middle-income countries, has opened up novel ways to deliver health care, including diagnosis and management of burns. This study was conducted to measure acceptability and to identify factors that influence health care provider's attitudes toward m-health technology for emergency care of burn patients. Methods: An extended version of the technology acceptance model (TAM) was used to assess the acceptability toward using m-health for burns. A questionnaire was distributed to health professionals at four hospitals in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. The questionnaire was based on several validated instruments and has previously been adopted for the sub-Saharan context. It measured constructs, including acceptability, usefulness, ease of use, social influences, and voluntariness. Univariate analysis was used to test our proposed hypotheses, and structural equation modeling was used to test the extended version of TAM. Results: In our proposed test-model based on TAM, we found a significant relationship between compatibility-usefulness and usefulness-attitudes. The univariate analysis further revealed some differences between subgroups. Almost all health professionals in our sample already use smartphones for work purposes and were positive about using smartphones for burn consultations. Despite participants perceiving the application to be easy to use, they suggested that training and ongoing support should be available. Barriers mentioned include access to wireless internet and access to hospital-provided smartphones.

KEYWORDS:

PMID:
31161967
DOI:
10.1089/tmj.2019.0048

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